abdomen

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English[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:
Diagram showing the abdomen of an insect.

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1541.[1] Borrowing from Middle French abdomen, borrowing from Latin abdomen, possibly from abdō (conceal), from ab (away) + dere (to put, place).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen (plural abdomens or abdomina)

  1. (obsolete) The fat surrounding the belly. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.][2]
  2. (anatomy) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis, not including the back; or in some lower vertebrates, the portion between the cardiac and caudal regions. [First attested in the early 17th century.][2]
  3. (anatomy) The cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the viscera; often restricted in humans to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity. [First attested in the early 17th century.][2]
    He was all bent over complaining of pains in the abdomen.
  4. (zoology, entomology) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda. [First attested in the late 18th century.][2]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 3

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdòmens)

  1. abdomen

Derived terms[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdomens)

  1. abdomen

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdōmen n (genitive abdōminis); third declension

  1. belly, abdomen
  2. (by extension of meaning) gluttony
  3. accusative singular of abdōmen
  4. vocative singular of abdōmen

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative abdōmen abdōmina
genitive abdōminis abdōminum
dative abdōminī abdōminibus
accusative abdōmen abdōmina
ablative abdōmine abdōminibus
vocative abdōmen abdōmina

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /abdǒːmen/
  • Hyphenation: ab‧do‧men

Noun[edit]

abdómen m (Cyrillic spelling абдо́мен)

  1. abdomen

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abdōmen.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abdomen m (plural abdómenes)

  1. abdomen

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]