advantage

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English avantage, avauntage, from Old French avantage, from avant (before), from Medieval Latin abante. The spelling with d was a mistake, a- being supposed to be from Latin ad (see advance). For sense development, compare foredeal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

advantage (plural advantages)

  1. Any condition, circumstance, opportunity or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end.
    The enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.
    • 2013 June 7, Ed Pilkington, “‘Killer robots’ should be banned in advance, UN told”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 26, page 6: 
      In his submission to the UN, [Christof] Heyns points to the experience of drones. Unmanned aerial vehicles were intended initially only for surveillance, and their use for offensive purposes was prohibited, yet once strategists realised their perceived advantages as a means of carrying out targeted killings, all objections were swept out of the way.
    • Shakespeare
      Give me advantage of some brief discourse.
    • Macaulay
      the advantages of a close alliance
  2. (obsolete) Superiority; mastery; — used with of to specify its nature or with over to specify the other party.
    • Bible, 2 Corinthians ii. 11
      Lest Satan should get an advantage of us.
  3. Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.
  4. (tennis) The score where one player wins a point after deuce but needs the next too to carry the game.
  5. (soccer) The continuation of the game after a foul against the attacking team, because the attacking team are in a advantageous position.
    • November 17 2012, BBC Sport: Arsenal 5-2 Tottenham
      Webb played an advantage that enabled Cazorla to supply a low cross from the left for Giroud to sweep home first time, despite Gallas and Vertonghen being in close attendance.
  6. Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen).
    • Shakespeare
      And with advantage means to pay thy love.

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Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

advantage (third-person singular simple present advantages, present participle advantaging, simple past and past participle advantaged)

  1. (transitive) To provide (someone) with an advantage, to give an edge to. [from 15th c.]
  2. (reflexive) To do something for one's own benefit; to take advantage of. [from 16th c.]

Usage notes[edit]

  • Some authorities object to the use of advantage as a verb meaning "to provide with an advantage".

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References[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old French, see above.

Noun[edit]

advantage m (plural advantages)

  1. advantage
    • 1595, Michel de Montaigne, Essais:
      Et pour commencer a luy oster son plus grand advantage contre nous, prenons voye toute contraire a la commune.
      And to start removing the biggest advantage it has against us, let's the take opposite route the the usual one

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Descendants[edit]