favor

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See also: favör and favør

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Anglo-Norman favour, from mainland Old French favor, from Latin favor, respelled in American English to more closely match its Latin etymon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

favor (plural favors) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. A kind or helpful deed; an instance of voluntarily assisting (someone).
    He did me a favor when he took the time to drive me home.
  2. Goodwill; benevolent regard.
    She enjoyed the queen's favor.
    to fall out of favor
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 5, The Celebrity:
      Then came a maid with hand-bag and shawls, and after her a tall young lady. [] She looked around expectantly, and recognizing Mrs. Cooke's maid [] Miss Thorn greeted her with a smile which greatly prepossessed us in her favor.
  3. A small gift; a party favor.
    At the holiday dinner, the hosts had set a favor by each place setting.
    A marriage favour is a bunch or knot of white ribbons or white flowers worn at a wedding.
    • Shakespeare
      Wear thou this favour for me, and stick it in thy cap.
  4. Mildness or mitigation of punishment; lenity.
    • Jonathan Swift
      I could not discover the lenity and favour of this sentence.
  5. The object of regard; person or thing favoured.
    • Milton
      All these his wondrous works, but chiefly man, / His chief delight and favour.
  6. (obsolete) Appearance; look; countenance; face.
    • Shakespeare
      This boy is fair, of female favour.
  7. (law) Partiality; bias.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?)
  8. (archaic, polite) A letter.
    Your favour of yesterday is received.
  9. (obsolete, in the plural) lovelocks
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Wright to this entry?)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Favor is the standard US spelling, and an alternative in Canada. Favour is the standard spelling in Canada and outside North America.
  • English speakers usually "do someone a favor" (rather than *"make them a favor", which would be sense 3 only). See Appendix:Collocations of do, have, make, and take for uses and meaning of favour collocated with these words.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

favor (third-person singular simple present favors, present participle favoring, simple past and past participle favored) (US, alternative in Canada)

  1. (transitive)  To look upon fondly; to prefer.
    • And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favored, the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. —Luke 1:28, King James version, 1611
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 6, The China Governess[1]:
      Even in an era when individuality in dress is a cult, his clothes were noticeable. He was wearing a hard hat of the low round kind favoured by hunting men, and with it a black duffle-coat lined with white.
  2. (transitive)  To do a favor [noun sense 1] for; to show beneficence toward.
    Would you favor us with a poetry reading?
  3. (transitive)  To treat with care.
    Favoring your sore leg will only injure the other one.
  4. (transitive)  To have a similar appearance, to look like another person.
    You favor your grandmother more than your mother.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From faveō (I am well disposed or inclined toward, favor, countentance, befriend).

Noun[edit]

favor m (genitive favōris); third declension

  1. good will, inclination, partiality, favor

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative favor favōrēs
genitive favōris favōrum
dative favōrī favōribus
accusative favōrem favōrēs
ablative favōre favōribus
vocative favor favōrēs

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • favor in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • favor in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin favor (favour; good will), from faveō (I favour), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰoweh₁ (to notice).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favour (instance of voluntarily assisting someone)
  2. favour; goodwill (benevolent regard)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin favor, favoris.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /faˈβor/
  • Hyphenation: fa‧vor

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favores)

  1. favor

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Italian favore

Noun[edit]

favor m (plural favuri)

  1. favour