s-

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Initial of scalar.

Prefix[edit]

s-

  1. (physics) subatomic particles predicted by supersymmetry; the boson equivalent of known fermions

Derived terms[edit]


Czech[edit]

Prefix[edit]

s-

  1. together
    srůst
    spoutat

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • s- in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In most cases, this prefix stems from Latin ex- (see ex). In some cases, it stems from Latin dis-.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

s-

  1. Used to form words that have an opposing sense: un-, in-.
    sfatto ((of a bed) unmade)
  2. Used to form verbs that have a sense of undoing an action: de-, dis-, un-.
    sganciare (to unhook)
    sborsare (to disburse)
  3. Move out of, remove from, move away from: dis-, ex-, trans-.
    sbucare (to pop out)
    sconfinare (to stray away from)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1950, Bruno Migliorini; Aldo Duro, “s-”, in Prontuario etimologico della lingua italiana (in Italian), Paravia:

Old Irish[edit]

Prefix[edit]

s- (class A infixed pronoun) (triggers nasalization)

  1. her (object pronoun)
  2. them

Related terms[edit]

  • da- (class B & C infixed pronoun)
  • -us (suffixed pronoun)

Derived terms[edit]

Category Old Irish words prefixed with s- not found

Polish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Prefix[edit]

s-

  1. Used before voiceless consonants to form a verb in a perfective aspect from a verb in an imperfective aspect.
    całkowaćscałkować
    chłodzićschłodzić
    chodzićschodzić
    chowaćschować
    chudnąćschudnąć
    fałszowaćsfałszować
    filmowaćsfilmować
    formułowaćsformułować
    kasowaćskasować
    kleićskleić
    konstruowaćskonstruować
    padaćspadać
    pisaćspisać
    pływaćspływać
    topićstopić

Usage notes[edit]

  • Some perfective verbs have a different meaning than their imperfective equivalents. For example: chodzić (to walk) / schodzić (to get off), pływać (to swim) / spływać (to drain).

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (before affricates, fricatives and certain consonant clusters): sa-

Prefix[edit]

s- (Cyrillic spelling с-)

  1. Prepended to verbs, usually forming a perfective from an imperfective verb.
    pùstitispùstiti
    znȁtisàznati
    lòmitislòmiti
    glȅdatisàgledati
    kȕpitiskȕpiti
    klònitisklòniti
    náćisnȃći

References[edit]

  • s-” in Hrvatski jezični portal