prefix

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See also: préfix

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French prefixer (verb) and Late Latin praefixum (noun), both from Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) (from prae- (before) + fīgō (I fix”, “I fasten”, “I affix)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈpɹiːfɪks/ (noun)
  • IPA(key): /pɹiːˈfɪks/ (verb)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

prefix (plural prefixes)

  1. That which is prefixed; especially one or more letters or syllables added to the beginning of a word to modify its meaning; as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure.

Usage notes[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

prefix (third-person singular simple present prefixes, present participle prefixing, simple past and past participle prefixed)

  1. (transitive) To determine beforehand; to set in advance. [from 15thc.]
    • 1485, Syr Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Bk.XXI, Ch.j:
      he took the Quene Gueneuer and sayd playnly that he wolde wedde hyr / whyche was his vnkyls wyf and his faders wyf / And soo he made redy for the feest / And a day prefyxt that they shold be wedded / wherfore quene Gweneuer was passyng huey / But she durst not dyscouer hyr herte
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.40:
      But the danger was, that a man can hardly prefix any certaine limits unto his desire [].
  2. (transitive) To put or fix before, or at the beginning of something; to place at the start. [from 16thc.]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ prefix, n.”, “†prefix, adj.”, and “prefix, v.” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [draft revisions; Mar.–Dec. 2008]

External links[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin praefixum

Noun[edit]

prefix m (plural prefixos)

  1. prefix

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From post-Classical Latin praefixum, nominal use of the neuter form of Classical Latin praefixus, past participle of praefīgō (I (fix, fasten, set up) in front”, “I fix on the (end, extremity)) — the noun directly thence, whereas the adjective via French préfixe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n, m (plural prefixen, diminutive prefixje n)

  1. prefix

Alternative forms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

prefix (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) fixed, predetermined

Declension[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix m

  1. (grammar) prefix

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French préfixe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

prefix n (plural prefixe)

  1. prefix

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]