momentum

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English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin momentum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

momentum (plural momentums or momenta)

  1. (physics) (of a body in motion) the product of its mass and velocity.
  2. The impetus, either of a body in motion, or of an idea or course of events. (i.e: a moment)
    • 1843, Nathaniel Hawthorne, "The Old Apple Dealer", in Mosses from an Old Manse
      The travellers swarm forth from the cars. All are full of the momentum which they have caught from their mode of conveyance.
    • 1882, Thomas Hardy, Two on a Tower
      Their intention to become husband and wife, at first halting and timorous, had accumulated momentum with the lapse of hours, till it now bore down every obstacle in its course.
    • 2013 September 14, Jane Shilling, “The Golden Thread: the Story of Writing, by Ewan Clayton, review [print edition: Illuminating language]”, The Daily Telegraph (Review), page R29:
      Though his account of written communication over the past 5,000 years necessarily has a powerful forward momentum, his diversions down the fascinating byways of the subject are irresistible ...

Translations[edit]

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *movimentum, from moveō (move, set in motion; excite).

Noun[edit]

mōmentum n (genitive mōmentī); second declension

  1. movement, motion, impulse; course
  2. change, revolution, movement, disturbance
  3. particle, part, point
  4. (of time) brief space, moment, short time
  5. cause, circumstance; weight, influence, moment

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative mōmentum mōmenta
genitive mōmentī mōmentōrum
dative mōmentō mōmentīs
accusative mōmentum mōmenta
ablative mōmentō mōmentīs
vocative mōmentum mōmenta

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]