Leben

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See also: leben

German[edit]

verschieden Formen des Lebens — different forms of life (2)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German leben, from Old High German lebēn. Related to the verb leben.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈleːbm̩], [ˈleːbən]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Leben n (genitive Lebens, plural Leben)

  1. Life, the state between birth and death.
    Das Leben beginnt mit der Geburt und endet mit dem Tod. — Giving birth is the beginning of life and death its end.
  2. (biology) Life, a status given to organic entities such as animals, plants and bacteria, having properties as metabolism, adaption and replication.
    Die Erde quillt vor Leben über. — Earth is full of life.
  3. A biography, a chain of events that determine or have determined one's life.
    Das Leben der Anne Frank. — The life (=biography) of Anne Frank.
    Sein Leben weist viele Höhen und Tiefen auf. — There are many ups and downs in his life (=biography).
  4. The existence or life one has built, often manifested in wealth and prosperity.
    Frau Schmidt hat sich ein beispielhaftes Leben in all diesen Jahren aufgebaut. — Mrs Schmidt has built up an exemplary life (=existence) in all these years.
    ein angenehmes Leben — a comfortable life (=existence)
    Lebensstandard — qualitiy of life
  5. Life, in the sense of something precious or beloved that is part of someone's existence.
    Sie ist mein Ein und Alles, mein Leben! — She's everything I've got, my life!
  6. (video games) Life, the chance of a player to play, if it is lost he loses
    Du hast nur noch drei Leben übrig. — You only have three lives left.
  7. gerund of leben: "living" (no plural)
    Die Kunst des Lebens — The art of living.

Usage notes[edit]

When referring to life in its biological sense, the plural of Leben must not be used. If the plural cannot be avoided, however, Lebensformen or Lebewesen may be taken instead.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • (life, the state between birth and death): Tod m

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]