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See also: , , and 人人

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
从-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意): semantic  + phonetic 

从 is the original character of .

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人人 (OO), four-corner 88000, composition人)

  1. from, by, since, whence, through

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 92, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 195, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 105, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4ECE

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (从), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 疾容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨoŋ/ /d͡zʱi̯woŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/ /d͡zuawŋ/ /d͡zĭwoŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cóng ‹ dzjowng › /*[dz]oŋ/ to follow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1857 0 /*zloŋ/

Preposition[edit]

  1. from
  2. from (a time) ; since;
  3. through; via
    • 清风窗口 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Yī zhèn qīngfēng cóng chuāngkǒu chuī lái. [Pinyin]
      A cool breeze came in through the window.
  4. past (a place)

Adverb[edit]

  1. (followed by negative) never; ever
    • 以前 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      Wǒ yǐqián cóng méi jiàn guò tā. [Pinyin]
      I have never seen her before
    • 违约 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]
      cóng bù wéiyuē. [Pinyin]
      I never break my promise.

Prefix[edit]

  1. prefix for cousins relationship indicating a common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor
    • 从兄 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, simp.]cóngxiōng [Pinyin] — male cousin (paternal side)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. two people

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng, tụng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]