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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from .

In its current form, Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人人一 (OOM), four-corner 88100, composition)

  1. bush, shrub
  2. thicket
  3. collection

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (叢), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 徂紅切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuŋ/ /d͡zʱuŋ/ /d͡zuŋ/ /d͡zuŋ/ /d͡zəwŋ/ /d͡zuŋ/ /d͡zuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cóng ‹ dzuwng › /*dzˤoŋ/ collect; thicket

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10668 0 /*zloːŋ/