gum

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See also: GUM

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English gome, from Old English gōma (palate), from Proto-Germanic *gōmô, *gaumô (palate) (compare German Gaumen, Old Norse gómr whence Icelandic gómur), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰh₂u-mo- (compare Tocharian A ko, Tocharian B koyṃ (mouth), Lithuanian gomurỹs (palate)), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeh₂w- (to gape, yawn). More at yawn.

Noun[edit]

gum (plural gums)

  1. (often in the plural) The flesh round the teeth.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. To chew, especially of a toothless person or animal.
  2. (transitive) To deepen and enlarge the spaces between the teeth of (a worn saw), as with a gummer.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English gomme, gumme, from Anglo-Norman gome, from Late Latin gumma, from Latin cummi, gummi, from Ancient Greek κόμμι (kómmi), from Egyptian ḳmj-t (qemỵt, qemài) 'acanthus resin'.

Noun[edit]

gum (countable and uncountable, plural gums)

  1. (uncountable) Any of various viscous or sticky substances that are exuded by certain plants.
  2. (uncountable) Any viscous or sticky substance resembling those that are exuded by certain plants.
  3. (uncountable) Chewing gum.
  4. (countable) A single piece of chewing gum.
    Do you have a gum to spare?
  5. (US, dialect, Southern US) A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive.
  6. (US, dialect, Southern US) A vessel or bin made from a hollow log.
  7. (US, dialect) A rubber overshoe.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

gum (third-person singular simple present gums, present participle gumming, simple past and past participle gummed)

  1. To apply an adhesive or gum to; to stiffen with gum.
    • Shakespeare
      He frets like a gummed velvet.
  2. (colloquial, with up) To impair the functioning of a thing or process.
    That cheap oil will gum up the engine valves.
    The new editor can gum up your article with too many commas.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

gum

  1. rafsi of gunma.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gum f pl

  1. genitive plural of guma

Scots[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English gum.

Noun[edit]

gum (plural gums)

  1. gum

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin uncertain; perhaps a specialised use of Etymology 1, above.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gum (plural gums)

  1. mist, vapour, haze

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

gum

  1. that
    Tha mi cinnteach gum biodh e toilichte. - I'm certain that he would be happy.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used before b, f, m and p.

Turkmen[edit]

Noun[edit]

gum (definite accusative [[{{{1}}}#Turkmen|{{{1}}}]], plural [[{{{2}}}#Turkmen|{{{2}}}]])

  1. sand

Zazaki[edit]

Noun[edit]

gum

  1. (anatomy) cheek