listen

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English listnen, alteration (interpreted as frequentative of listen) from Old English hlysnan, from Proto-Germanic *hlūsinōną (compare Middle High German lüsenen), from *hlusēną (compare Old High German hlosēn), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (to hear) (compare Ancient Greek κλαίω (klaíō, I make known, famous), Latin clueō (I am famous), Lithuanian klausýti, Old Church Slavonic слѹшати (slušati, to hear), Sanskrit श्रोषति (śróṣati). Related to loud.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: lĭs'ən, lĭs'n, IPA(key): /ˈlɪs.ən/, /ˈlɪs.n̩/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪsən
  • Hyphenation: lis‧ten

Verb[edit]

listen (third-person singular simple present listens, present participle listening, simple past and past participle listened)

  1. (intransitive) To pay attention to a sound or speech.
    Please listen carefully as I explain.
    I like to listen to music.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      He read the letter aloud. Sophia listened with the studied air of one for whom, even in these days, a title possessed some surreptitious allurement.
  2. (intransitive) To expect or wait for a sound, such as a signal.
    You should listen for the starting gun.
  3. (intransitive) To accept advice or obey instruction; to agree or assent.
    Good children listen to their parents.
    Listen, the only reason I yelled at you was because I was upset, OK?
    • 1945, George Orwell, Animal Farm, chapter 1
      Never listen when they tell you that Man and the animals have a common interest []
  4. (transitive, archaic) To hear (something or someone), to pay attention to.

Usage notes[edit]

In English, listen and hear are two primary verbs relating to audial perception. To hear represents automatic or passive perception of sound, while listen generally represents intentional or purposeful use of the sense of hearing. A similar distinction exists between see and watch in English.

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Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

listen c

  1. singular definite of liste
  2. singular definite of list

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

listen

  1. Plural form of list

Anagrams[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Liste +‎ -en.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɪstn̩]
  • Hyphenation: lis‧ten
  • Homophone: Listen

Verb[edit]

listen (third-person singular simple present liste, past tense listete, past participle gelistet, auxiliary haben)

  1. to list

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Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

listen m, f

  1. definite masculine singular of liste

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

listen

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) imperative form of listar.
  2. Second-person plural (ustedes) present subjunctive form of listar.
  3. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present subjunctive form of listar.

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

listen

  1. definite singular of list