passive

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French passif, from Latin passivus (serving to express the suffering of an action; in late Latin literally capable of suffering or feeling), from pati (to suffer), past participle of passus; compare patient.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

passive (comparative more passive, superlative most passive)

Examples (being in the passive voice)

The passive form of “A meteorite hit the earth” is “The earth was hit by a meteorite.”

  1. Being subjected to an action without producing a reaction.
  2. Taking no action.
    He remained passive during the protest.
  3. (grammar) Being in the passive voice.
  4. (psychology) Being inactive and submissive in a relationship, especially in a sexual one.
  5. (finance) Not participating in management.

Antonyms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

passive (plural passives)

  1. (uncountable, grammar) The passive voice of verbs.
  2. (countable, grammar) A form of a verb that is in the passive voice.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

passive

  1. feminine form of passif

Verb[edit]

passive

  1. first-person singular present indicative of passiver
  2. third-person singular present indicative of passiver
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of passiver
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of passiver
  5. second-person singular imperative of passiver

German[edit]

Adjective[edit]

passive

  1. inflected form of passiv

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /pas.ˈsi.ve/, [pas.siː.ve]
  • Hyphenation: pas‧sì‧ve

Adjective[edit]

passive f pl

  1. feminine plural of passivo

Anagrams[edit]