passion

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb patior (I suffer), from Proto-Indo-European *pe(i)- (to hurt), see also Old English feond (devil, enemy), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽 (faian, to blame).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

passion (countable and uncountable, plural passions)

  1. Any great, strong, powerful emotion, especially romantic love or hate.
    We share a passion for books.
    • 2011 January 16, Saj Chowdhury, “Sunderland 1 - 1 Newcastle”, BBC:
      That was partly because of a swirling wind that made precision passing difficult and also a derby atmosphere where the emphasis seemed to be on passion rather than football.
  2. Fervor, determination.
  3. An object of passionate or romantic love or strong romantic interest.
    It started as a hobby, but now my motorbike collection has become my passion.
  4. sexual intercourse, especially when very emotional
    We shared a night of passion.
  5. (Christianity, usually capitalized) The suffering of Jesus leading up to and during his crucifixion.
  6. A play, musical composition or display meant to commemorate the suffering of Jesus.
  7. (obsolete) Suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress.
    a cardiac passion
    • Wyclif Bible (Rom. viii. 18)
      the passions of this time
  8. (obsolete) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition; opposed to action.
    • John Locke
      A body at rest affords us no idea of any active power to move, and, when set is motion, it is rather a passion than an action in it.
  9. (obsolete) Capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
    • Francis Bacon
      mouldable and not mouldable, scissible and not scissible, and many other passions of matter
  10. (obsolete) An innate quality, property, or attribute of a thing.
    [] to obtain the knowledge of some passion of the circle.
  11. (obsolete) Disorder of the mind; madness.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

passion (third-person singular simple present passions, present participle passioning, simple past and past participle passioned)

  1. (obsolete) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
    • Shakespeare
      Dumbly she passions, frantically she doteth.
  2. (transitive) To give a passionate character to.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Keats to this entry?)

References[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈpɑsːion]
  • Hyphenation: pas‧si‧on

Noun[edit]

passion

  1. Genitive singular form of passio.

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin passiō, ultimately from patior. Cognate with patience.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

passion f (plural passions)

  1. (countable and uncountable) passion

External links[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English passio, passion (Christ's passion), from Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb pati (suffer).

Noun[edit]

passion (plural passions)

  1. passion, that which must be endured, suffering, pain; asf
    • Þe uerþe article belongeþ to his passion. — Ayenbite of Inwyt, c1340
    • Hij þat hated þe gloried hem in-myddes of þy passion. — Midland Prose Psalter, c1350
    • The passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge. — Romans 8:18, Wycliffite Bible, c1384
    • He that felyth payne and passion Desyrith sore aftir alleggeaunce. — Life of Our Lady, c1450
    • Þer was ane vsurar þat lay in passions of dead. — Alphabet of Tales, c1450

Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

passion f (plural passions)

  1. passion

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin passio (suffering), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (suffered), from deponent verb pati (suffer).

Noun[edit]

passion f (nominative plural passione)

  1. passion of Christ
    • ðaet Eghwilc messepriost gesinge fore Osuulfes sawle twa messan, twa fore Beornðryðe sawle; and aeghwilc diacon arede twa passione fore his sawle, twa for hire; — that Every mass-priest recites for Oswulf's soul two masses, two for Beornthryth's soul; and every deacon reads two passions for his soul. - Oswulf's Charters, c805

References[edit]

  • 1916, John R. Clark, "A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students", passion
  • Bosworth, J. (2010, March 21). An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary Online (T. N. Toller & Others, Eds.), passio