silent

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See also: SILENT

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • scilent (hyper‐correct, obsolete)

Etymology[edit]

From Latin silēnt-, silēns (silent), present participle of sileō (be silent), from Proto-Indo-European *seil- (still, windless, quiet, slow). Cognate with Gothic 𐌰𐌽𐌰𐍃𐌹𐌻𐌰𐌽 (anasilan, to cease, grow still, be silent), Old English sālnes (silence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

silent (comparative silenter or more silent, superlative silentest or most silent)

  1. Free from sound or noise; absolutely still; perfectly quiet.
    • 1604, William Shakespeare, Othello, act 5, sc. 1:
      How silent is this town!
    • 1825, Samuel Johnson, Arthur Murphy, The Works of Samuel Johnson, Talboys and Wheeler, page 52:
      What was formerly performed by fleets and armies, by invasions, sieges, and battles, has been of late accomplished by more silent methods.
    • 1906, William Dean Howells and Sidney Dillon Ripley, Certain Delightful English Towns: With Glimpses of the Pleasant Country Between, Harper & Brothers, page 152:
      The voice of the auctioneer is slow and low [] ; after a pause, which seems no silenter than the rest of the transaction, he ceases to repeat the bids, and his fish, in the measure of a bushel or so, have gone for a matter of three shillings.
  2. Not speaking; indisposed to talk; speechless; mute; taciturn; not loquacious; not talkative.
    • Broome
      Ulysses, adds he, was the most eloquent and most silent of men.
    • Milton
      This new-created world, whereof in hell / Fame is not silent.
  3. Keeping at rest; inactive; calm; undisturbed.
    The wind is silent.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Parnell to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Sir Walter Raleigh to this entry?)
  4. (pronunciation) Not pronounced; having no sound; quiescent.
    The e is silent in fable.
  5. Having no effect; not operating; inefficient.
    • Sir Walter Raleigh
      Cause [] silent, virtueless, and dead.
  6. (technology) Without audio capability.
    The Magnavox Odyssey was a silent console.
  7. Hidden, unseen.
    a silent voter; a silent partner

Synonyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

silent (plural silents)

  1. (uncountable) That which is silent; a time of silence.
  2. A silent movie

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

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Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Verb[edit]

silent

  1. third-person plural present indicative of siler
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of siler

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

silent

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of sileō