stum

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

stum (countable and uncountable, plural stums)

  1. Unfermented grape juice; must.
    • Ben Jonson
      Let our wines, without mixture of stum, be all fine.
    • Dryden
      And with thy stum ferment their fainting cause.
  2. Wine revived by new fermentation, resulting from the admixture of must.
    • 1664, Samuel Butler, Hudibras; with notes by T. R. Nash, Volume 1, published 1835, Part II, Canto 1, page 265:
      Drink ev'ry letter on't in stum,
      And make it brisk champaign become.[footnotes 1]

Verb[edit]

stum (third-person singular simple present stums, present participle stuming, simple past and past participle stumed)

  1. (transitive) to ferment
  2. (transitive) to renew (wine etc.) by mixing must with it and raising a new fermentation
    We stum our wines to renew their spirits. — Floyer.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ T. R. Nash disputed the sense, noting "Dr. Johnson, in his Dictionary, has quoted these lines to prove that stum may signify wine revived by a new fermentation, but, perhaps, it means no more than figuratively to say that the rememberance of the widow's charms could turn bad wine into good, foul muddy wine, into clear sparkling champaigne."

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

stum

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of stumt
  2. 2nd person singular imperative form of stumt

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

stum

  1. mute; unable to speak

Related terms[edit]