dzirdēt

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally the iterative form of dialectal dzirst (to perceive, to hear), a variant of dialectal dzirt (to praise, to honor), from Proto-Baltic *gir-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷr̥-, *gʷer- (to produce audible voice; to praise, to welcome). The semantic evolution was from “to praise, to say” to “to produce a voice” to “to perceive a voice, to hear.” Cognates include Lithuanian girdė́ti, Old Prussian gerdant (gerdaut?, to say), Sudovian hirdet (< *girdēt), Sanskrit गृञाति (gr̥nā́ti, to call, to invoke, to praise), गुरते (guráte, to welcome), गीः (gī́ḥ, word, call, praise).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

dzirdēt tr., 3rd conj., pres. dzirdu, dzirdi, dzird, past dzirdēju

  1. to hear (to perceive sounds with one's ears)
    dzirdēt dziesmu — to hear a song
    dzirdēt saucienu, čukstus — to hear a shout, a whisper
    vai tu mani dzirdi? — do you hear me?
    viņš dzirdēja, ka krūmos aizlūst kāds sauss zars, un pietrūkās sēdus — he heard that some dry twig broke in the bushes, and quickly sat up (listening)
  2. to hear (to learn, to get to know about something)
    es dzirdēju, ka te celšot jaunu māju — I heard that they'll build a new house here
    viņs to dzirdēja no brāļa — he heard it from (his) brother
  3. to hear, to be hearing (to be capable of hearing)
    viņš labi nedzird — he doesn't hear well
    ne visi dzīvnieki dzird — not all animals (can) hear

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References[edit]

  1. ^ “dzirdēt” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7