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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 50 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹口中月 (HRLB), four-corner 24727, composition𠂤)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 331, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8886
  • Dae Jaweon: page 636, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 737, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5E25

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Etymology[edit]

Also written as (“to lead”); both represent the s-causative of (“to follow”). Cognate with Tibetan སྲིད (srid, commander, leader).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (帥), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 所類切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiuɪH/ /ʂwiH/ /ʃuiH/ /ʃʷiH/ /ʂwiH/ /ʃwiH/ /ʃjuɪH/
Character (帥), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 術
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 所律切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiuɪt̚/ /ʂi̯uĕt̚/ /ʃiuĕt̚/ /ʃʷit̚/ /ʂwit̚/ /ʃĭuĕt̚/ /ʃjuet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shuài ‹ srwijH › /*s-rut-s/ leader (of an army)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11929 2 /*sruds/ 甲文象雙手拭席,後加巾轉註
11930 2 /*srud/ 原列質韻

Definitions[edit]

  1. (military) to command, to lead (and give orders to), to designate
    上下 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    上下 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: Guanzi
    Shàng shuài shì yǐ rén zhī suǒ dài, zé shàngxià hé. [Pinyin]
    If the king appoints respected officers as commanders, there will be harmony in the military.
  2. to lead, to guide
  3. (to be a) role model, example
  4. to follow, to adhere to
    帥教帅教 (“to follow guidance”)
  5. rapid, sharp, sudden
    帥然帅然 (“suddenly, rapidly”)
    帥爾帅尔 (“rapidly”)
  6. commander-in-chief, marshal
  7. officialdom, senior officials
  8. (of a person or a thing) leader, guider, leading factor
  9. (Xiangqi) marshal, the chief piece
  10. (colloquial) (of men) handsome, good-looking, hot
    (“to be very good-looking”)
    帥哥帅哥 (“handsome guy”)
  11. (colloquial) elegant, beautiful, splendid, impressive
  12. a surname
Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (shuì, “shawl, mantelet”) - may be used interchangeably; forms the character etymology of 帥.
  • (shuài, “to lead”) - may be used interchangeably
  • (jiàng, “officer”)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sol, su) (hangeul , , revised sol, su, McCune-Reischauer sol, su)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(suất, soái, súy, suý)

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