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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a vibrating string, hence “frequency”. Early forms (oracle, bronze) were a figure 8 (the vibrating string), short verticals at the top and bottom (the ends of the string), together with 4 marks on the sides (2 on each side), indicating vibrations. These have been retained to the present form, while the horizontal lines at top and bottom were added in seal script.

Compare top of and bottom of , both of which came from similar figure 8 patterns.

Han character[edit]

(radical 95 +6, 11 strokes, cangjie input 卜戈人十 (YIOJ), four-corner 00403)

  1. to lead
  2. ratio
  3. rate
  4. limit

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 725, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20817
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1135, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 289, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+7387

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale leut6, seut1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana りつ, romaji ritsu)

  1. rate, ratio

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sol, ryul, yul) (hangeul [[, , ]], revised sol, ryul, yul, McCune-Reischauer sol, ryul, yul, Yale sol, lyul, yul)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (lü4), lüè (lüe4), shuài (shuai4), Wade-Giles 4, lüeh4, shuai4)


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(luì, shruit)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(suất, chuốt, sót, suốt, sút, thoắt)