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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from ()

Han character[edit]

(radical 66 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 火女人大 (FVOK), four-corner 98440, composition)

  1. number
  2. several
  3. to count
  4. fate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 474, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 827, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1470, character 19
  • Unihan data for U+6570

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (數), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 所矩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨoX/ /ʂi̯uX/ /ʃioX/ /ʃioX/ /ʂuə̆X/ /ʃĭuX/ /ʃioX/
Character (數), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 色句切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɨoH/ /ʂi̯uH/ /ʃioH/ /ʃioH/ /ʂuə̆H/ /ʃĭuH/ /ʃioH/
Character (數), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 所角切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣʌk̚/ /ʂɔk̚/ /ʃɔk̚/ /ʃɯɔk̚/ /ʂaɨwk̚/ /ʃɔk̚/ /ʃɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǔ ‹ srjuX › /*s-roʔ/ count (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8506 0 /*sroʔ/

Compounds[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

When it is used alone and pronounced as shu4, it means "numbers". But if it is pronounced as shu3, it means the action of counting (used as a verb).


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. number

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

May be used alone with the on-reading すう () to mean number or to form many compounds, such as 数学 (すうがく sūgaku) - mathematics (literally "number study")

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かず, romaji kazu)
(hiragana すう, romaji )

  1. number

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(su, chok) (hangeul , , revised su, chok, McCune-Reischauer su, ch'ok, Yale swu, chok)

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