hel

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See also: hæl

Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /heːl/, [heːˀl]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse heill (compare Swedish and Norwegian hel, Icelandic heill), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (compare English whole, hale, West Frisian hiel, Low German heel, hel, heil, Dutch heel, German heil), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Adjective[edit]

hel (neuter helt, definite and plural hele)

  1. whole
  2. full
  3. entire
  4. intact, undamaged
  5. complete
  6. the hour, top of the hour

Etymology 2[edit]

See hele (to heal).

Verb[edit]

hel

  1. Imperative of hele.

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch helle, from Old Dutch hella, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal). Cognate with Low German Hell, English hell, German Hölle, Icelandic hel, helvíti.

Noun[edit]

hel f (plural hellen, diminutive helletje n)

  1. (religious & mythological) hell, a diabolical aftermath
  2. (figurative) a terrible place or ordeal
    Hij maakte daarmee haar leven tot een hel.
    With that he made her life into a hell.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with German hell.

Adjective[edit]

hel (comparative heller, superlative helst)

  1. (archaic) bright
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Cognate with English hall.

Noun[edit]

hel ? (plural hellen, diminutive helletje n)

  1. hall, frozen spot

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

hel

  1. first-person singular present indicative of hellen
  2. imperative of hellen

References[edit]

  • Dr. P.A.F. van Veen e.a., Etymologisch Woordenboek. De herkomst van onze woorden., Van Dale Lexicografie, 1989 [Dutch etymological dictionary, in Dutch]

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hel, from Proto-Germanic *haljō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal). Compare Faroese and Norwegian Nynorsk hel, English hell, Dutch hel, German Hölle.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hel f (genitive singular heljar, no plural)

  1. hell (underworld), death

Declension[edit]

The dative helju also occurs, mainly in the phrase heimta úr helju. The word is normally not used with suffixed article, but the genitive definite form, heljarinnar, occurs as an intensifier (meaning something like “hell of a”).

Related terms[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

hel f

  1. solution

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Limburgish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Older Limburgish hèl. Cognate to English hell.

Noun[edit]

hel f

  1. hell
  2. a bad place to be
Inflection[edit]
Inflection
Root singular Root plural Diminutive singular Diminutive plural
Nominative hel  ? helke helkes
Genitive hels  ? helkes helkes
Locative helles helleser helleske helleskes
Dative¹ helle  ?  ?  ?
Accusative¹ hel  ? helke helkes
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Older Limburgish helle.

Adjective[edit]

hel (comparative helder, superlative hels, predicative superlative 't hèls)

  1. hard, tough, difficult
  2. hard, rough, pointed
  3. hard, heavy
  4. hard, solid
  5. loud
Inflection[edit]
Masculine Feminine Neutral
Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural
nominative helle hel hel hel hel hel
genitive hells heller heller heller hells heller
locative helles helles helles helles helles helles
vocative² hel hel hel hel hel hel
dative¹ helle hellen heller hellen hel hellen
accusative¹ helle hellen hel hel hel hellen
  • Dative and accusative are nowadays obsolete, use nominative instead.
  • Vocative only exists for about ten words.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse heill (whole, complete) (> Danish and Swedish hel, Icelandic heill), akin to heilsa (health, well-being) (> Norwegian helse), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (compare English whole, hale, Dutch heel, German heil), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Adjective[edit]

hel (masculine hel; feminine hel; neuter helt; plural hele; comparative helere; superlative helest)

  1. whole, unbroken
    Hun har ikke røykt på en hel uke.
    She hasn't smoked for a whole week.
    Jeg vet ikke, hele denne greia virker litt risikabel for meg.
    I don't know, this whole ting seems a little risky to me.
    Jeg tror ikke han forstår hvorfor, Harry, men han hadde det så travelt med å kveste sin egen sjel at han aldri tok seg tid til å forstå den uforliknelige kraft i en sjel som er uplettet og hel. (from page 463 of the Norwegian translation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, Harry Potter og Halvblodsprinsen)
    I do not think he understands why, Harry, but he was in such a hurry to mutilate his own soul, he never paused to understand the incomparable power of a soul that is untarnished and whole. (from page 478 of the original British version of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince)
  2. pure, all
    Jeg fikk tak i en genser i hel ull, den blir god å ha når vinteren kommer.
    I got myself a pure wool sweater, it'll come in handy when winter arrives.
  3. (used as a noun) it, all of it, the whole/entire thing
    Og det beste ved det hele er at jeg slipper å se deg i to, hele måneder!
    And the best part of it is that I don't have to see you for two, whole months!

Synonyms[edit]

whole, unbroken, pure

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hel” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • “hel” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • Harry Potter og Halvblodsprinsen, ISBN: 82-04-11217-3. Norwegian translation of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince by Torstein Bugge Høverstad.
  • Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, ISBN: 0-7475-8108-8, by J.K. Rowling

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse hel, the goddess of death or the death realm itself (compare helvete), from Proto-Germanic *haljō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal). Compare Icelandic hel, English hell, Dutch hel, German Hölle.

Noun[edit]

hel (not inflected or declined in any way)

  1. only used in with preposition i, "in, to": i hel, "to death, dead"

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • hel” in The Ordnett Dictionary
  • “hel” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Saxon[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *haljō, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱel- (to cover, hide, conceal). Compare Old English hell, Old Dutch hella, Old Frisian helle, Old High German hella, hellia, Old Norse hel, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐌾𐌰 (halja).

Noun[edit]

hel f

  1. hell

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hel m

  1. helium

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse heill (compare Danish and Norwegian hel, Icelandic heill), from Proto-Germanic *hailaz (compare English whole, hale, Dutch heel, German heil), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂ilus (healthy, whole).

Pronunciation[edit]


Adjective[edit]

hel

  1. whole; complete
  2. not broken; in order