rein

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Anglo-Norman reyne, from Old French resne (Modern French rêne), from Vulgar Latin *retina, from Classical Latin retineō (to retain), from re- + teneō.

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. A strap or rope attached to the bridle or bit, used to control a horse, animal or young child.
  2. (figuratively) An instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing.
    • Milton
      Let their eyes rove without rein.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

rein (third-person singular simple present reins, present participle reining, simple past and past participle reined)

  1. To direct or stop a horse by using reins.
    • Chapman
      He mounts and reins his horse.
  2. To restrain; to control; to check.
    • Shakespeare
      Being once chafed, he cannot / Be reined again to temperance.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Anglo-Norman reines, Middle French reins, and their source, Latin rēnēs.

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. (now rare, archaic, chiefly in plural) A kidney.
  2. The inward impulses; the affections and passions, formerly supposed to be located in the area of the kidneys.
    • Bible, Proverbs xxiii. 16
      My reins rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
    • Bible, Revelations ii. 23
      I am he which searcheth the reins and hearts.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch reini, rēni, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rein (comparative reiner, superlative reinst)

  1. (formal) clean, spotless
  2. pure, sheer

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein

  1. Instructive plural form of reki.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ren.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney
  2. (in the plural) small of the back, waist

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Old High German reini, from Proto-Germanic *hrainiz, a suffixed form of Proto-Indo-European *(s)keri-. Cognate with Old Saxon hreni (Low German ren), Dutch rein, Old Norse hreinn (Swedish ren); and with Ancient Greek χρίνειν (khrínein), Old Irish criathar. More remotely related to English riddle (sieve).

Adjective[edit]

rein (comparative reiner, superlative am reinsten)

  1. pure, clear, plain
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 24/2010, page 131:
      Natürlich ist eine Weltmeisterschaft kein reines Sportevent mehr, sie ist sicher auch ein bisschen Welt- und Entwicklungspolitik.
      Of course, a world championship is no longer a pure sports event, it surely is also a bit of world and development politics.
Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

rein

  1. purely
    Unsere Beziehung ist rein platonisch.
    Our relationship is purely platonic.

Etymology 2[edit]

Contraction of herein.

Adverb[edit]

rein

  1. (colloquial) inside, in here
    Er kommt jetzt rein. -- He's coming inside now.
  2. (colloquial) inside, in there
    Er geht rein zu den andern. -- He's going inside to the other people.
Usage notes[edit]

Unlike the standard language, colloquial German does not distinguish the meanings of hinein ("in there, away from the speaker") and herein ("in here, towards the speaker"). Rein is used for both meanings.

Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein f (genitive singular reinar, nominative plural reinar)

  1. a strip (of land)

Derived terms[edit]


Jèrriais[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin rēn.

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney

Related terms[edit]


Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein m (plural reins)

  1. (anatomy) kidney

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinere, indefinite superlative reinest, definite superlative reineste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia no

Noun[edit]

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reiner, definite plural reinene)

  1. a reindeer
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Adjective[edit]

rein (neuter singular reint, definite singular and plural reine, comparative reinare, indefinite superlative reinast, definite superlative reinaste)

  1. clean
  2. pure

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse hreinn

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia nn

Noun[edit]

rein m (definite singular reinen, indefinite plural reinar, definite plural reinane)

  1. a reindeer
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

rein (plural reins)

  1. rain

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


West Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian, from Proto-Germanic *regnaz. Compare English rain, Low German Ręgen, Dutch regen, German Regen, Danish regn.

Noun[edit]

rein

  1. rain