-vá

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-vá

  1. The translative case ending.
    (salt) → Lót felesége só változott. - Lot's wife turned into salt.
    fiú (boy, son) → fiá fogad - adopt as one's son

Usage notes[edit]

  • It indicates a change in state with the general sense of "becoming X" or "change to X".
  • Member of the following suffix cluster:
    -vá is added to back vowel nouns. Final -a changes to -á-.
    kutya (dog) → A varázsgyűrű kutyá változtatja az embert. - The enchanted ring transforms people into dogs.
    -vé is added to front vowel nouns. Final -e changes to -é-.
    medve (bear) → Héra medvé változtatta Kallisztót. - Hera transformed Callisto into a bear.
  • When it is added to a word ending in a consonant, the v assimilates with the final consonant, and the final consonant becomes long:
    bolond (fool) + -váBolond tett engem. - He made a fool out of me.
    hűvös (cold) + -véAz idő hűvös vált. - The weather turned to cold.

See also[edit]