char

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English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English cherre (odd job), from Old English ċierr (a turn, change, time, occasion, affair, business), from ċierran (to turn, change, turn oneself, go, come, proceed, turn back, return, regard, translate, persuade, convert, be converted, agree to, submit, make to submit, reduce), from Proto-Germanic *karzijaną (to turn), from Proto-Indo-European *gers- (to bend, turn). Cognate with Dutch keer (a time, turn, occasion), German Kehre (a turn, bight, bend), Greek γύρος (gýros, a bout, whirl), gyre. Compare Sanskrit "char" (to do), "kri" (to do), "kar" (to perform), and Persian کار (kar, work). More at chore, ajar.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

char (plural chars)

  1. (obsolete) A time; a turn or occasion.
  2. (obsolete) A turn of work; a labour or item of business.
  3. An odd job, a chore or piece of housework.
  4. A charlady, a woman employed to do housework; cleaning lady.
    “I had to scrub the kitchen today, because the char couldn’t come”
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

char (third-person singular simple present chars, present participle charing or charring, simple past and past participle chared or charred)

  1. (obsolete) To turn, especially away or aside.
  2. To work, especially to do housework; to work by the day, without being a regularly hired servant.
    • 1893, She explained that she was the commissionaire's wife, who did the charing, and I gave her the order for the coffee. — Arthur Conan Doyle, ‘The Naval Treaty’ (Norton 2005, p.677)
    • 1897, W.S. Maugham, Lisa of Lambeth, chapter 2
      Her husband had been a soldier, and from a grateful country she received a pension large enough to keep her from starvation, and by charring and doing such odd jobs as she could get she earned a little extra to supply herself with liquor.
  3. (obsolete) To perform; to do; to finish.
    • Old proverb
      That char is chared, as the good wife said when she had hanged her husband.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Old Proverb to this entry?)
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Nares to this entry?)
  4. To work or hew (stone, etc.).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Oxf. Gloss to this entry?)

Etymology 2[edit]

Origin unknown, perhaps from Celtic.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

char (plural chars or char)

  1. One of the several species of fishes of the genus Salvelinus.
    “Among other native delicacies, they give you fresh char.”
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Back-formation from charcoal.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

char (third-person singular simple present chars, present participle charring, simple past and past participle charred)

  1. (ergative) To burn something to charcoal.
  2. To burn slightly or superficially so as to affect colour.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

char (plural chars or char)

  1. A charred substance.
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of character.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

char (plural chars)

  1. (computing, programming) A character (text element such as a letter or symbol), whose data size is commonly one or several bytes.
    • Java programming language tutorial [1]
    • 1975, Computerworld - 23 avr. 1975 - Page 21
      The unit is an 80-column, 30 char. /sec dot matrix printer which uses a 5 by 7 font.
      A Unicode code unit is a 16-bit char value. For example, imagine a String that contains the letters "abc" followed by the Deseret LONG I, which is represented with two char values. That string contains four characters, four code points, but five code units.
    • 1997, Cay S Horstmann, Gary Cornell, Core Java 1.1: Fundamentals
      Chars can be considered as integers if need be without an explicit cast.
    • 1998, John R Hubbard, Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of Fundamentals of Computing with C++
      Then since each char occupies one byte, these four bytes represent the three letters 'B', 'y', 'e', and the null character NUL.
    • 2000, Ken Brownsey, The essence of data structures using C++
      Thus string variables are pointer variables to chars.
    • 2002, Nell B. Dale, Michael McMillan, Visual Basic .NET: a laboratory course - Page 25
      .NET uses the Unicode character set in which each char constant or variable takes up two bytes (16 bits) of storage.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

From Mandarin (chá), with intrusive r.

Noun[edit]

char (uncountable)

  1. (UK) tea (drink)

Anagrams[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

char

  1. H-system spelling of ĉar

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French, from Latin carrus, a loan from Transalpine Gaulish.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

char m (plural chars)

  1. chariot
  2. (military) tank
  3. (Quebec) car, auto

Synonyms[edit]

External links[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

cha +‎ -r

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

char (triggers Template:ga mut link of the following verb)

  1. (Ulster) not
    Char dhún mé é. — I did not close it.
    Char chuala mé é. — I did not hear it.

Usage notes[edit]

Used only in some varieties of Ulster Irish. Used only with the past tense of regular verbs and some irregular verbs.

Related terms[edit]

  • cha (used before other tenses)

Synonyms[edit]

  • níor (used in Munster Irish, Connacht Irish, and some varieties of Ulster Irish)

Middle French[edit]

Noun[edit]

char f (plural chars)

  1. flesh

Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier charn, from Latin carō, carnem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

char m (oblique plural chars, nominative singular chars, nominative plural char)

  1. (anatomy) flesh
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      Desor l'espaule li fist la char trenchier
      under his should, he cut into his flesh

Descendants[edit]


Romani[edit]

Noun[edit]

char f (plural char)

  1. grass
  2. field

Romansch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin cārus.

Adjective[edit]

char m (feminine chara, masculine plural chars, feminine plural charas)

  1. dear