chair

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

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A chair (item of furniture).
Chairs (rail supports on a railway).

From Middle French chaire, from Latin cathēdra (seat), from Ancient Greek καθέδρα (kathédra), from κατά (katá, down) + ἕδρα (hédra, seat). Replaced native stool which now has a specific sense.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chair (plural chairs)

  1. An item of furniture used to sit on or in comprising a seat, legs, back, and sometimes arm rests, for use by one person. Compare stool, couch, sofa, settee, loveseat and bench.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 12, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      There were many wooden chairs for the bulk of his visitors, and two wicker armchairs with red cloth cushions for superior people. From the packing-cases had emerged some Indian clubs, […], and all these articles […] made a scattered and untidy decoration that Mrs. Clough assiduously dusted and greatly cherished.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 19, The China Governess[1]:
      Meanwhile Nanny Broome was recovering from her initial panic and seemed anxious to make up for any kudos she might have lost, by exerting her personality to the utmost. She took the policeman's helmet and placed it on a chair, and unfolded his tunic to shake it and fold it up again for him.
    All I need to weather a snowstorm is hot coffee, a warm fire, a good book and a comfortable chair.
  2. Chairperson.
    • 1658-9 March 23, Thomas Burton, Diary:
      The Chair behaves himself like a Busby amongst so many school-boys [] and takes a little too much on him.
    • 1887 September 5, The Times:
      It can hardly be conceived that the Chair would fail to gain the support of the House.
    Under the rules of order adopted by the board, the chair may neither make nor second motions.
  3. (music) The seating position of a particular musician in an orchestra.
    My violin teacher used to play first chair with the Boston Pops.
  4. (rail transport) Blocks that support and hold railroad track in position, and similar devices.
  5. (chemistry) One of two possible conformers of cyclohexane rings (the other being boat), shaped roughly like a chair.
  6. (slang, with the) The electric chair.
    He killed a cop: he's going to get the chair.
    The court will show no mercy; if he gets convicted, it's the chair for him.
  7. A distinguished professorship at a university.
  8. An iron block used on railways to support the rails and secure them to the sleepers.
  9. A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or a two-wheeled carriage drawn by one horse; a gig.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
    • Alexander Pope
      Think what an equipage thou hast in air, / And view with scorn two pages and a chair.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

chair (third-person singular simple present chairs, present participle chairing, simple past and past participle chaired)

  1. To act as chairperson.
    Bob will chair tomorrow's meeting.
  2. To carry someone in a seated position upon one's shoulders, especially in celebration or victory
    • 1896, A. E. Houseman, "To An Athlete Dying Young," in A Shropshire Lad,
      The time you won your town the race
      We chaired you through the marketplace.
  3. (Wales, UK) To award a chair to the winning poet at a Welsh eisteddfod.
    The poet was chaired at the national Eisteddfod.

Translations[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle French, from Old French char (earlier carn), from Latin carō, specifically from its accusative carnem.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

chair f (plural chairs)

  1. flesh

External links[edit]


Old French[edit]

Verb[edit]

chair

  1. Alternative infinitive of cheoir.

Conjugation[edit]

This verb conjugates as a third-group verb. This verb has a stressed present stem chié distinct from the unstressed stem che, as well as other irregularities. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.