Welsh

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

Old English wīlisc, wylisc, from Proto-Germanic *walhiskaz (Celt; later Roman), from *walhaz (Celt) (compare Old English wealh), from the name of the Gaulish tribe, the Volcae (recorded only in Latin contexts). Historically the tribe's name has been linked to an animal, likely Gaulish *wolco- (wolf), as Caesar described the Celts having fought with huge dogs, in turn from Proto-Indo-European *wĺ̥kʷos.[1]

This word was borrowed from Germanic into Slavic (compare Old Church Slavonic влахъ (vlachŭ, Vlachs, Romanians), Byzantine Greek Βλάχος (Bláchos)).

Compare Walloon, walnut, Vlach, Walach.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Welsh (not comparable)

  1. (now historical) (Native) British; pertaining to the Celtic peoples who inhabited much of Britain before the Roman occupation. [from 5th c.]
    • 1985, Michael Wood, In Search of the Trojan War:
      The Tudors, it was argued, were of Welsh or ancient British descent.
  2. (obsolete) Foreign; non-native. [10th-16th c.]
    • 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur:
      He had aspyed a Waylshe knyght where he was to repose hym.
  3. Of or pertaining to Wales. [from 11th c.]
  4. Of or pertaining to the Celtic language of Wales. [from 16th c.]
  5. Designating plants or animals from or associated with Wales. (See Derived terms.) [from 17th c.]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Proper noun[edit]

Welsh

  1. The Welsh language. [from 10th c.]
    • 1832, Queen Victoria, journal, 6 Aug 1832:
      9 minutes to 2. We just stopped to have our horses' mouths washed, and there all people spoke welsh.
  2. (collectively) The people of Wales. [from 11th c.]
  3. A surname for someone who was a Welshman or a Celt.
  4. A breed of pig, kept mainly for bacon.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Welsh n (uncountable)

  1. Welsh, the language.

Synonyms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Welsh (not comparable)

  1. Welsh

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]