-ne

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Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. Marker of definiteness on nouns in the plural
    stole (from stol (chair)); stolene, chairs; the chairs
    æbler (from æble (apple)); æblerne, apple; the apples
  2. Used with some adjectives to form inchoative verbs
    gul; gulne, yellow; become yellow.

Usage notes[edit]

Inchoative verb
The suffix -ne may be analysed as two morphemes (-n (incoative verb stem) + -a (infinitive)). In Danish, this affix alternates with plain infinitive -e.

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *-inen. Cognate with Finnish -inen.

Suffix[edit]

-ne (genitive -se, partitive -set)

  1. -al, -ic, -ous; creates adjectives from nouns indicating a relationship or property.
  2. -en; creates adjectives indicating the material of which something is made.

Inflection[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. The suffix used to form the comitative case. It denotes companionship and ownership, and is written where English would use "together with (one's possession)".
    Menin ruskeine koirineni.
    I went together with my brown dog.
    Tiibet on mielenkiintoinen maa suurine vuorineen.
    Tibet is a fascinating land, together with its great mountains.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Relatively rare in spoken Finnish. The idea of comitative is more often expressed with other structures, particularly the postposition kanssa (together with).
  • Grammatically comitative is always plural, even if used of a singular object.
  • In nouns the suffix -ne is appended with the appropriate posessive suffix. In Wiktionary the declension tables of Finnish nouns show the comitative with the 3rd person suffix -en to form -neen.

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -na (broad form)

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. First-person plural emphatic
    -selves

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “Maybe this is related to Gothic -u?”

Particle[edit]

-ne (interrogative enclitic)

  1. Question particle meaning "is it not that".
    Nihilne in mentem?
    Does nothing suggest itself to your mind?
    Ah, pergisne?
    Ah, at it again?
    Potesne mihi succurrere, quaeso?
    Can you help me, please?
  2. or… (introduces a question or an alternative)

Usage notes[edit]

  • A question requiring an answer of "yes" or "no" is formed by adding -ne to the emphatic word:
    Is tibi mortemne vidētur aut dolōrem timēre?
    Does he seem to you to fear death or pain?
    Hīcine vir usquam nisi in patriā moriētur?
    Shall this man die anywhere but in his native land?
    ne id veritus es?
    Did you fear that?
  • The enclitic -ne is sometimes omitted.
    Patēre tua cōnsilia nōn sentīs?
    Do you not see that your schemes are manifest?
  • When -ne is added to a negative word (such as nōnne) an affirmative answer is expected.
    Nōnne animadvertis?
    Aren't you paying attention?

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. A variant of -tne; added to adjectives or verbs to form abstract nouns.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. -selves (emphatic)

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


Taos[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ne

  1. Duoplural number inflection. On nouns in gender III.6, it indicates either collective number or singular noncount (mass) and has corresponding singular agreement marking on verb-forms. (See also: -na, -ną, -nemą.)