-que

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See also: que

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-kʷe (and). Cognates include Sanskrit (ca), Ancient Greek τε (te), Proto-Germanic *-hw ( → English (thou)gh).

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

-que

  1. and (when used as an enclitic), a copulative particle affixed to the word it annexes
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.VIII
      Nihil agis, nihil moliris, nihil cogitas quod non ego non modo audiam sed etiam videam planeque sentiam.
      There is nothing you do, nothing you plot, nothing you think about, that I do not only hear of, but actually see as well and distinctly discern.
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
      omne adeo genvs in terris hominvmqve ferarvmqve
      et genvs æqvorevm pecvdes pictæqve volvcres
      in fvrias ignemqve rvvnt
      So far does every species on earth of man and beast,
      whether the aquatic species, livestock, or [lit. "and"] painted-winged,
      collapse into the frenzies and the fire [of sex].
    29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid I.1
    Arma virumque cano.
    I sing of arms and the man...
    Senatus Populusque Romanus.
    The Senate and People of Rome.
  2. (when repeated) "both... and", "whether... or"
    29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
    ...hominvmqve ferarvmqve...
    ...both of man and of beast...
  3. introducing an explanatory clause
  4. (rare) used in an answer

Usage notes[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]