tempus

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See also: Tempus

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

tempus

  1. (linguistics) tense

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *tempos (stretch), from the root *temp- (to stetch, string), whence also templum (shrine) and tempora. Originally the word meant "what is stretched, stretching" → "stretch (of time)" → "time, occasion".

Noun[edit]

tempus n (genitive temporis); third declension

  1. time, period, age
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita.II
      O tempora, o mores! Senatus haec intellegit, consul videt; hic tamen vivit. Vivit?
      Shame on the age and on its principles! The senate is aware of these things; the consul sees them; and yet this man lives. Lives!
    • c. 29 bc, Publius Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, III.284
      sed fvgit interea fvgit inreparabile tempvs
      But it flees, meanwhile, it flees... irretrievable time.
    • 397 CE – 401 CE, Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis, Confessions 4
      per idem tempus annorum novem, ab undevicensimo anno aetatis meae usque ad duodetricensimum, seducebamur et seducebamus
      During this period of nine years, from my nineteenth year to my twenty-eighth, I went astray and led others astray.
  2. (grammar) tense
Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative tempus tempora
genitive temporis temporum
dative temporī temporibus
accusative tempus tempora
ablative tempore temporibus
vocative tempus tempora
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ten- (temple of the head), related to Latin templum (temple, temple of the head). Cognate with Old English þunwang (temple of the head), Middle High German tinne, tinge (forehead, temples).

Noun[edit]

tempus n (genitive tempōris); third declension

  1. (anatomy) temple (of the head)
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Probably from tempus (time)

Noun[edit]

tempus m (genitive tempi); second declension

  1. (Medieval Latin, rare) weather
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative tempus tempī
genitive tempī tempōrum
dative tempō tempīs
accusative tempum tempōs
ablative tempō tempīs
vocative tempe tempī
Descendants[edit]