cum

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See also: -cum, cùm, cúm, cụm, and CUM

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin cum (with).

Preposition[edit]

cum

  1. Used in indicating a thing with two roles, functions, or natures, or a thing that has changed from one to another.
    He built a bus-cum-greenhouse (= he converted a bus to a greenhouse) that made a bold statement, but the plants in it didn't live very long.
    • p. 1926, a. 1950, George Bernard Shaw, Collected Letters: 1926-1950,[1] University of California/Viking (1985), page 31,
      He is too good an actor to need that sort of tomfoolery: the effect will be far better if he is a credible mining camp elder-cum-publican.
    • 2001 Nov/Dec, David Sachs, “LET THEM EAT BITS”, American Spectator, volume 34, number 8, page 78: 
      The banner shows a yellowed silhouette of a boy (possibly Calvin, of Calvin & Hobbes) urinating on an EU flag. Sites such as this show the full power of the Internet as a propaganda medium cum travel service cum organizing tool. Oh, and nightlife directory.

Conjunction[edit]

cum

  1. Used in indicating a thing with two or more roles, functions, or natures, or a thing that has changed from one to another.
    But instead of being a salesperson cum barista cum waitress merely serving the wordsmiths, I'm one of them, reading her latest baby out loud.
Quotations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Variant of come.

Noun[edit]

cum (uncountable)

  1. (informal) Semen.
  2. (slang) Female ejaculatory discharge.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

cum (third-person singular simple present cums, present participle cumming, simple past came or less commonly cummed, past participle came, cum, or uncommonly cummed)

  1. (slang) To have an orgasm, to feel the sensation of an orgasm.
  2. (slang) To ejaculate.
    • 1997 July 14, Harold Perrineau as Augustus Hill, “Visits, Conjugal, and Otherwise”, Oz season 1 episode 2:
      I got no sensation down there, so I don't know when I'm hard, I don't know when I cum. My wife's gotta tell me.
Synonyms[edit]

(have an orgasm): climax

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Aromanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *quomo, from Latin quomodo.

Adverb[edit]

cum

  1. how

Conjunction[edit]

cum

  1. how

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cummaid

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cum (present analytic cumann, future analytic cumfaidh, verbal noun cumadh, past participle cumtha)

  1. to form, shape
  2. to compose
  3. to devise
  4. to invent
  5. to limit, ration

Inflection[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cum chum gcum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (next to, at, with, along). Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌰- (ga-), Old English ge-, Old High German gi-, Russian ко (ko, to), Persian prefix هم (ham, co-, same), Old High German hansa (company, host, troop). More at hanse.

Preposition[edit]

cum (+ ablative)

  1. with
    Titus cum familiā habitat. — "Titus lives with his family."
    magnā cum laude — "with great praise."
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Macanese: co
  • Megleno Romanian: cu
  • Mirandese: cun
  • Neapolitan: cu
  • Old Portuguese: con
  • Piedmontese: cun
  • Portuguese: com
  • Romagnol: cun
  • Romanian: cu
  • Romansch: cun
  • Sardinian: chin, cun
  • Sicilian: cu
  • Spanish: con
  • Upper Guinea Crioulo: ku
  • Venetian: co

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kʷóm. Cognate with Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐌽 (ƕan).

Alternative forms[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

cum (+ subjunctive)

  1. when
  2. because
  3. although
Usage notes[edit]
  • In the sense of when, if there is no causal link between the verb in the dependent clause and the verb in the main clause (sometimes called an inverted cum-clause, as the 'main action' of the sentence occurs in the dependent clause), the indicative is used rather than the subjunctive.
    per viam ambulābāmus cum pugnam vīdimus. [not *vīderīmus] — "We were walking through the street when we happened to witness a fight."
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • (preposition) cum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • (conjunction) cum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

cum

  1. rafsi of cumki.

Manx[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

cum (verbal noun cummal)

  1. to grip, hold
  2. to keep, arrest, retain
  3. to contain
  4. to live, inhabit
  5. to celebrate
Mutation[edit]
Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cum chum gum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

cum (verbal noun cummey)

  1. to plan, devise
  2. to fabricate, shape, mould
  3. to indite
Mutation[edit]
Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cum chum gum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old French[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

cum

  1. Alternative form of conme.

Rohingya[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Bengali.

Noun[edit]

cum

  1. kiss

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *quomo, from Latin quomodo.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

cum

  1. how
    Cum ți-ar plăcea cafeaua?
    How would you like your coffee?
    Nu știu cum să spun "how" în românește
    I don't know how to say "how" in Romanian.

Conjunction[edit]

cum

  1. how
  2. as, since, because

Scots[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

cum

  1. to come

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

cum (verbal noun cumail)

  1. keep, hold
    cùm seo dhomhsa gu Dihaoine - keep this for me till Friday
    chùm i an taigh glan - she kept the house clean
    cha do chùm e ris a’ bhargan - he didn’t keep [his part of] the bargain
  2. keep, continue
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

cum (verbal noun cumadh)

  1. shape, form