gehen

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See also: Gehen

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German gān, gēn, from Proto-Germanic *gāną, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰēh₁- (to leave). Cognate with Dutch gaan, Low German gan, gahn, English go, Swedish and Danish .

Alternative forms[edit]

  • gehn (dated in formal prose, but still common informally and poetically)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡeːən/, [ˈɡeːən], [ɡeːn]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːən
  • Hyphenation: ge‧hen

Verb[edit]

gehen (class 7 strong, third-person singular simple present geht, past tense ging, past participle gegangen, past subjunctive ginge, auxiliary sein)

  1. (intransitive) to go
  2. (intransitive) to walk
  3. (transitive) to walk (some distance); to go (some distance) by foot
  4. (intransitive) to leave
    Ich gehe jetzt. — I’m leaving now.
  5. (impersonal, intransitive) to be going; to be alright; indicates how the dative object fares
    Wie geht es dir? — How are you doing?”
    Es geht mir gut. — I’m doing well.” (Literally, “It goes well for me.”)
    Es geht. — It’s alright.”
  6. (colloquial, intransitive) to be possible
    Das würde vielleicht gehen. — That might be possible.
  7. (colloquial, intransitive) to work, to function (of a machine, method or the like)
    Der Kaffeeautomat geht nicht. — The coffee dispenser doesn't work.
  8. (colloquial, intransitive) to be in progress; to last
    Die Sitzung geht bis ein Uhr. — The session is scheduled until one o’clock.
  9. (regional or dated, impersonal, intransitive, with “auf” followed by a time) to approach; to be going (on some one)
    Es geht auf 8 Uhr. — It’s going on 8 o’clock.”

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike English to go, German gehen does not mean "to travel somewhere" in general. A distinction must be made between gehen (walk), fahren (go by bike, car, train, or ship), and fliegen (go by plane). If used with a place one cannot or would not commonly walk to, gehen often imples that one intends to stay there permanently, e.g.: Ich gehe nach New York. – I'm going to live in New York.

Conjugation[edit]

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