auf

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English auph, aulf, from Old Norse. See elf.

Noun[edit]

auf

  1. (obsolete) A changeling or elf child; a child left by fairies.
  2. (obsolete) A deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Drayton to this entry?)

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ūf, from Proto-Germanic *ūp-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

auf

  1. (with dative) on
    Das Buch liegt auf dem Tisch.
    The book is lying on the table.
  2. (with accusative) on, onto
    Leg das Buch auf den Tisch!
    Put the book on the table!

Usage notes[edit]

The preposition is used with accusative case when the verb shows movement from one place to another, whereas it is used with dative case when the verb shows location.

Adverb[edit]

auf

  1. (colloquial) finished, gone (food)
    Hast du deine Suppe auf?
    Have you finished your soup?

Interjection[edit]

auf

  1. carry on
  2. have a go