bei

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See also: bēi, běi, bèi, and Bei

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bye.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

bei

  1. bye, goodbye

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German , from Proto-Germanic *bi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bei (+ dative)

  1. (locative) by; near
    die Bank bei der Kirche – “the bench by the church”
    die Bäckerei beim Bahnhof – “the bakery near the train station”
  2. (with a person, family, shop) at
    Ich schlafe bei Peter. — “I’m sleeping at Peter’s [place].”
    Ich bin beim Metzger. — “I'm at the butcher’s.”
  3. (with an organization or company) for; at; in
    bei der Firma arbeiten — “to work for the firm”
    das Arbeitsklima bei Schmidt & Co. — “the working atmosphere at Schmidt & Co.”
  4. (formal, reflexive) with; on
    Er hat es nicht bei sich. — “He doesn’t have it on him.”
    → for which usually: Er hat es nicht dabei.
  5. (with an event considered certain) upon, at the time of
    bei Abfahrt des Zuges — “upon departure of the train”
  6. (with an event considered theoretical) incase of, in the event of
    bei Hochwasser — “incase of flooding”
  7. (with a continuing activity or condition) during; while; during the existence of
    bei der Arbeit — “during work”
    beim Lesen des Textes — “while reading the text”
    bei Schnee — “when there is snow”
  8. (with an item that implies an activity) over; during
    bei einem Glas Wein — “over a glass of wine” (that is, while drinking it)
    bei einem Film — “during a film” (that is, while watching it)
  9. (dated, in a postal address) care of
    Frau Tina Müller bei Firma Schmidt & Co. — “Mrs Tina Müller, care of Schmidt & Co.”
  10. (now dialectal, nonstandard, western and northern Germany, with accusative) with, to, towards
    Leg dat bei die andern Sachen! — Put that with the other things!
    Komm ma bei mich! — Come to me!

Usage notes[edit]

  • When bei is followed by the definite article dem (the), the two words contract to beim. However, when dem is a demonstrative pronoun, no contraction occurs. Compare:
Der Baum steht zu nah beim Haus. – “The tree is too close to the house.”
Der Baum steht zu nah bei dem Haus da hinten. – “The tree is too close to that house over there.”
  • (with, to, towards): In many dialects, and historically in literary style, bei could express movement, requiring then the accusative case. This is in conflict with modern standard rules, for which reason this usage is becoming rare. Note, however, that the adverb dabei is still fairly common in regional speech: Kommt noch was dabei? – “Do you want anything else with that?” (for which dazu is proper standard). — Modern standard German features some relicts of the earlier usage in compounds such as herbei, beiseite, beilegen, beitreten, etc. Compare also the idiom “Butter bei die Fische”. Compare further Dutch bij for which all such constructions are perfect standard.

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • bei in Duden online

Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bei

  1. Masculine plural of bello before a consonant

Verb[edit]

bei

  1. second-person singular present indicative of beare
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of beare
  3. second-person singular present subjunctive of beare
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of beare
  5. third-person singular imperative of beare

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bei

  1. rōmaji reading of べい

Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

bei

  1. separates "internal" sumti which are subordinated through "be" to a given (possibly "sumti-fied") selbri
    ti zbasu lo takybli lo kliti sepi'o lo glanejni
    This makes bricks out of clay using heat.
    ti zbasu be lo takybli bei lo kliti bei sepi'o lo glanejni
    This makes bricks out of clay using heat.

Rafsi[edit]

bei

  1. rafsi of bevri.

Luxembourgish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German , from Proto-Germanic *bi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

bei

  1. by, next to, near
    De Schlëssel läit bei der Dier.
    The key is by the door.
  2. at, to (the home or workplace of someone)
    Gëschter den Nomëtteg sinn ech bei den Dokter gaangen.
    Yesterday afternoon I went to the doctor's.
  3. with
    Wunns du nach bei dengen Elteren?
    Do you still live with your parents?
  4. during

Usage notes[edit]

  • bei is usually used with the dative case, unless it is used to express movement towards a particular place, then the accusative case is used.

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

bei (Zhuyin ㄅㄟ˙)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of bēi.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of běi.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of bèi.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

bei m (plural beis)

  1. bey (governor of a Turkish dominion)

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bei

  1. second-person singular present tense form of bea.
    ce bei?
    what are you drinking?
  2. second-person singular subjunctive form of bea.
    vrei să bei ceva?
    do you want to drink something?

Roro[edit]

bei

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Oceanic *waiʀ, from Proto-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *waiʀ, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *wahiʀ.

Noun[edit]

bei

  1. water (clear liquid H₂O)

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

bei (n class, plural bei)

  1. price (cost required to gain possession of something)

Volapük[edit]

Preposition[edit]

a bei

  1. by