auxiliary

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin auxiliārius (assistant, ally), equiv. to auxiliāris (helping, aiding), from auxilium (help, aid), from augēre (to increase).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

auxiliary (not comparable)

  1. Helping; giving assistance or support.
    auxiliary troops
  2. Supplementary or subsidiary.
  3. Held in reserve for exceptional circumstances.
  4. (nautical) Of a ship, having both sails and an engine.
  5. (grammar) Relating to an auxiliary verb.

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Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

auxiliary (plural auxiliaries)

  1. A person or group that acts in an auxiliary manner.
  2. A sailing vessel equipped with an engine.
  3. (grammar) An auxiliary verb.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 151:
      The three traditionally recognized Non-modal Auxiliaries are the per-
      fective Auxiliary have, the progressive Auxiliary be, and the passive Auxiliary
      be. Perfective have is so-called because it marks the completion (hence, perfec-
      tion
      ) of an action; it is followed by a VP headed by a perfective -n participle, as
      in:
      (121)    The referee has [VP shown him the red card]
  4. A marching band colorguard.

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