-tar

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Supposedly clipped from tytär (daughter) and then adapted to vowel harmony.

Suffix[edit]

-tar (front vowel harmony variant -tär)

  1. Forms the female counterpart of nouns indicating a person.
    kuningas king → kuningatar queen
    näyttelijä actor → näyttelijätär actress
    saksalainen German → saksatar a German female

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is a nominal suffix, i.e. attached to nouns.
  • The suffix is appended to the weak stem.
  • With words ending in -lainen, -tar is appended to the stem not including -lainen.
  • Nowadays it's uncommon and old fashioned to use the female forms of professions.

Related terms[edit]

  • -tär (back vowel variant)

Derived terms[edit]