考試

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Chinese[edit]

 
to check; to verify; to test; to examine
 
to test; to try; experiment; examination; test
trad. (考試)
simp. (考试)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (考試, reconstructed)
Character (考), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 苦浩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰawX/ /kʰɑuX/ /kʰɑuX/
Character (試), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 式吏切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨH/ /ɕiH/ /ɕiəH/ /ɕɨH/ /ɕɨH/ /ɕĭəH/ /ɕieH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (考試, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kǎo ‹ khawX › /*k-r̥ ˤuʔ/ old; deceased father
shì ‹ syiH › /*l̥ əәk-s/ test, try

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7404 1 /*kʰluːʔ/
14971 0 /*hljɯɡs/

Noun[edit]

考試

  1. test; exam

Verb[edit]

考試

  1. to take a test; to have an exam

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (考試):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

考試 (hiragana こうし, romaji kōshi)

  1. test; exam

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

考試 (gosi) (hangeul 고시)

  1. Hanja form? of 고시, “examination, exam, test”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Proper noun[edit]

考試

  1. Hán tự form of khảo thí, "examination, exam, test"