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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
强-bw.png

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 弓口中戈 (NRLI), composition)

  1. strong, powerful, energetic
  2. A (typically male) given name

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 360, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9822
  • Dae Jaweon: page 676, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 999, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5F3A

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (強), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐŋ/ /gi̯aŋ/ /ɡiaŋ/ /ɡiɐŋ/ /gɨaŋ/ /ɡĭaŋ/ /ɡiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qiáng ‹ gjang › /*N-kaŋ/ strong
qiǎng ‹ gjangX › /*m-kaŋʔ/ make an effort

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10318 0 /*ɡaŋ/ 彊省聲而非弘聲,通借爲彊
10319 0 /*ɡaŋʔ/ 彊字注或體

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(càng, cường, cưỡng, gượng, ngượng)

  • same as cường

Compounds[edit]

  • cường quốc 强國
  • cưỡng bức 强逼
  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Nom Foundation