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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 120 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女火一 (VFM), four-corner 21910, composition)

  1. red, crimson, vermillion
  2. blush, flush

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 916, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27243
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1343, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3363, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7D05

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping hung4, Yale hung4)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink

Readings[edit]

(kurenai, beni): the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius

Etymology 1[edit]

Originally a compound of (Kure, China) +‎ (no, possessive particle) +‎ (ai, “indigo”: by extension, “dye”). The 紅花 (benibana) plant (the safflower), from which the kurenai color dye was extracted, was brought to Japan from China.

/kure no ai//kurenai/

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana くれない, romaji kurenai, historical hiragana くれなゐ)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
Synonyms[edit]
(beni): lipstick
(beni): rouge

Etymology 2[edit]

Derivation unclear. Few native Japanese words begin with voiced plosives, suggesting that this term was borrowed. May be from Okinawan bin as in 紅型 (bingata, a type of brightly colored Okinawan dying technique), though that derivation is also unclear.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana べに, romaji beni)

  1. the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
  2. the benibana or safflower from which this color is extracted, Carthamus tinctorius
  3. the crimson pigment extracted from the benibana, used in cosmetics and as a food coloring
  4. rouge, a red cosmetic traditionally made from the benibana
  5. lipstick or lip liner, also traditionally made from the benibana
Synonyms[edit]
(aka): hexadecimal color code #FF0000

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternate spelling for (aka, red).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana あか, romaji aka)

  1. the color red
    See the entry for the full list of definitions.
(momi): A princess doll showing the momi kimono liner.

Etymology 4[edit]

From 揉み (momi, kneading, stem form of verb momu), by extension from the kneading of cloth during the dying process.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana もみ, romaji momi)

  1. silk cloth dyed an even shade of one color, often a deep gold dyed again with kurenai, traditionally used as a kimono liner
Synonyms[edit]
(): hexadecimal color code #D71345

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こう, romaji )

  1. the kurenai color: the color crimson, a vivid red edging towards pink
Idioms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hong, gong) (hangeul , , revised hong, gong, McCune-Reischauer hong, kong, Yale hong, kong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin gōng (gong1), hóng (hong2), jiàng (jiang4), Wade-Giles kung1, hung2, chiang4)

Adjective[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin hóng, simplified )

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) red
    • 紅色 [trad.] / 红色 [simp.]hóngsè [Pinyin] — red
  2. revolutionary
    • 紅軍 [trad.] / 红军 [simp.]Hóngjūn [Pinyin] — Red army
  3. (slang) popular, successful

Noun[edit]

(traditional, Pinyin hóng, simplified )

  1. the red clothes and bunting used on festive occasions
    • 披紅 [trad.] / 披红 [simp.]pīhóng [Pinyin] — to drape in red silk as a sign of honor or for festivity
  2. bonus; dividend

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin hóng, simplified )

  1. A surname​. Hong

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gōng, simplified )

  1. (archaic) a substitute character for
  2. (archaic) a substitute character for
    • 女红 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]nǚhóng [Pinyin] — needlework, sewing, embroidery
  3. geographical name of a location in the State of Lu (魯國) during the Spring and Autumn Period (春秋時期) in Chinese history, northeast of modern Taian, Shandong (山東泰安)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin jiàng, simplified )

  1. (archaic) a substitute character for
  • 1998, Hanyu Da Zidian (in Mandarin), Taiwan: Jianhong Publishers, ISBN 9578134789:
  • 1991, Tan, Qixiang/譚其驤 (chief ed.), The Historical Atlas of China, Volume I: The Primitive Society, Xia, Shang, Western Zhou, the Spring and Autumn, Warring States Period/中國歷史地圖集,第一冊:原史社會、夏、商、西周、春秋、戰國時期, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences/中國社會科學院 (sponsor) (in Chinese), Hong Kong, China: Joint Publishing (H.K.) Co., Ltd./三聯書店(香港)有限公司, ISBN 962-04-0909-4:

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA hông (hong5), âng (ang5))

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hồng, quyền, quyên, quỳnh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.