bonus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin bonus (good).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bonus (plural bonuses)

  1. Something extra that is good.
  2. An extra sum given as a premium, e.g. to an employee.
    • 2013 June 22, “Engineers of a different kind”, The Economist, volume 407, number 8841, page 70: 
      Private-equity nabobs bristle at being dubbed mere financiers. [] Much of their pleading is public-relations bluster. Clever financial ploys are what have made billionaires of the industry’s veterans. “Operational improvement” in a portfolio company has often meant little more than promising colossal bonuses to sitting chief executives if they meet ambitious growth targets. That model is still prevalent today.
    The employee of the week receives a bonus for his excellent work.
  3. (uncountable, basketball) One or more free throws awarded to a team when the opposing team has accumulated enough fouls.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

bonus (third-person singular simple present bonuses, present participle bonusing, simple past and past participle bonused)

  1. (transitive) To pay a bonus, premium

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin bonus (good).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bonus m (plural bonussen or boni, diminutive bonusje n)

  1. A bonus, an extra or premium
  2. (by extension) Any one-off gain
  3. Good marks in a rating scale, notably to calculate an insurance premium dependent on the number of accidents

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

bonus

  1. A bonus (something extra)
  2. A bonus (extra payment to an employee)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bonus m (invariable)

  1. A bonus (all senses)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Latin duenos, later duonus, from Proto-Indo-European *dew- (to show favor, revere). Some relate it to Ancient Greek δέος (déos), whence δεινός (deinós), δειλός (deilós). Compare the change from duellum to bellum (war).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bonus m (feminine bona, neuter bonum); first/second declension

  1. good, honest, brave, noble, kind, pleasant
  2. right
  3. useful
  4. valid
  5. healthy

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative bonus bona bonum bonī bonae bona
genitive bonī bonae bonī bonōrum bonārum bonōrum
dative bonō bonae bonō bonīs bonīs bonīs
accusative bonum bonam bonum bonōs bonās bona
ablative bonō bonā bonō bonīs bonīs bonīs
vocative bone bona bonum bonī bonae bona

This adjective has irregular comparative and superlative degrees.

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bonus m (genitive bonī); second declension

  1. A good, moral, honest or brave man
  2. A gentleman

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative bonus bonī
genitive bonī bonōrum
dative bonō bonīs
accusative bonum bonōs
ablative bonō bonīs
vocative bone bonī

Descendants[edit]

External links[edit]

  • bonus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879