faction

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See also: -faction

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from Middle French faction, from Latin factiō, noun of process from perfect passive participle factus, from faciō (do, make).

Noun[edit]

faction (plural factions)

  1. A group of people, especially within a political organization, who express a shared belief or opinion different from people who are not part of the group.
    • 1748, David Hume, “Of Parties in General — How factions arise and contend.”, in Essays, Moral and Political:
      Real factions may be divided into those from interest, from principle, and from affection
  2. Strife; discord.
    • 1805, Johann Georg Cleminius, Englisches Lesebuch für Kaufleute, pg. 188:
      Publick [sic] affairs soon fell into the utmost confusion, and in this state of faction and perplexity, the island continued, until its re-capture by the French in 1779.
    • 2001, Odd Magne Bakke, "Concord and Peace": A Rhetorical Analysis of the First Letter of Clement With an Emphasis on the Language of Unity and Sedition, publ. Mohr Siebeck, ISBN 3161476379, pg. 89:
      He asks the audience if they believe that they will be more loved by the gods if the city is in a state of faction than if they govern the city with good order and concord.
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Translations[edit]
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See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Blend of fact and fiction.

Noun[edit]

faction (plural factions)

  1. A form of literature, film etc., that treats real people or events as if they were fiction; a mix of fact and fiction
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin factiō. Compare façon, which is inherited rather than borrowed.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

faction f (plural factions)

  1. act of keeping watch
  2. a watchman
  3. (politics) a faction; specifically one which causes trouble

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