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From Middle High German nemen, nëmen (to take, grasp), from Old High German neman (to take), from Proto-Germanic *nemaną (to take), from Proto-Indo-European *neme- (to give or take ones due). Cognate with Low German nehmen (to take), Dutch nemen (to take), English nim (to take, filch), Danish nemme (to learn, grasp), Swedish förnimma (to perceive). More at nim.


  • IPA(key): /ˈneːmən/, [-mən], [-mn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: neh‧men


nehmen (class 4 strong, third-person singular simple present nimmt, past tense nahm, past participle genommen, past subjunctive nähme, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to take
    jemandem etwas nehmen — “to take something from someone”
    einen Anfang nehmen — “to begin” (Literally, “to take a beginning”)
    ein Haus in Pacht nehmen — “to lease a house” (Literally, “to take a house in lease”)
    das Wort nehmen — “to begin to speak” (Literally, “to take a word”)
  2. (reflexive) to cause oneself to be (in some state); to become; to take oneself (to some state)
    Nimm dich in Acht! — “Take care!”
  3. (transitive) to seize; to capture
  4. (transitive) to receive; to accept


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