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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Norse upp á, compare English upon

Preposition[edit]

  1. on

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Norse upp á, compare English upon

Preposition[edit]

  1. on; touching from above; or touching, hanging from

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse upp á, compare English upon.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

  1. on (touching from above or touching, hanging from)

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Norse upp á, compare English upon

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

  1. on, on top of; touching from above
    Boken ligger bordet
    The book lies on the table
  2. on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)
    Äpplet som hänger den grenen
    The apple hanging on that branch
    Skylten väggen
    The sign on the wall
  3. on (a certain day)
    julafton
    on Christmas Eve
  4. at (some abstract concepts)
    jobbet
    at work
  5. in (a language)
    svenska
    in Swedish
Usage notes[edit]

only means 'at' when it cannot mean 'on top', usually when talking about abstract concepts rather than physical objects that one may be on top of. For 'at' in a truly spatial sense, use vid.

In the time sense, it is only used for speaking of days when describing them in some sense: på julafton, på min födelsedag, på måndag; when giving a date this preposition is excluded: Han köpte bilen den tredje maj = He bought the car on the third of May

Synonyms[edit]

  • å (obsolete except in certain fixed expressions and compounds)

Adjective[edit]

  1. (of machines, etc) turned on; functioning

See also[edit]