elbow

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English elbowe, from Old English elboga, elnboga (elbow), from Proto-Germanic *alinabugô (elbow), equivalent to ell +‎ bow. Cognate with Scots elbuck (elbow), Saterland Frisian Älbooge (elbow), Dutch elleboog (elbow), Low German Ellebage (elbow), German Ellbogen, Ellenbogen (elbow), Danish albue (elbow), Icelandic olbogi, olnbogi (elbow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

elbow (plural elbows)

  1. The joint between the upper arm and the forearm.
    • R. of Gloucester
      her arms to the elbows naked
  2. Any turn or bend like that of the elbow, in a wall, building, coastline, etc.; an angular or jointed part of any structure, such as the raised arm of a chair or sofa, or a short pipe fitting, turning at an angle or bent.
    the sides of windows, where the jamb makes an elbow with the window back
  3. (US, obsolete, early 20th-century slang) A detective.
    • 1924, Dashiell Hammett, "Zigzags of Treachery":
      "An elbow, huh?" putting all the contempt he could in his voice; and somehow any synonym for detective seems able to hold a lot of contempt.
  4. (basketball) Part of a basketball court located at the intersection of the free-throw line and the free-throw lane.[1]

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Verb[edit]

elbow (third-person singular simple present elbows, present participle elbowing, simple past and past participle elbowed)

  1. To push with the elbow; to jostle or force.
    He elbowed his way through the crowd.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Newell, Pete; Nater, Swen (2008). Pete Newell's Playing Big. Human Kinetics. p. 26. ISBN 9780736068093. Retrieved April 11, 2013.