под

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Macedonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

под (podm

  1. floor (ground)

Preposition[edit]

под (pod)

  1. under
    Кучето се скри под столицата.
    The dog hid under the chair.

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

под (pod), подо (before awkward consonant clusters)

  1. (with accusative case)
    under (movement to beneath)
    towards, to
    about, on the eve of (time)
    in imitation of, à la
    for, suitable as
  2. (with instrumental case)
    under, below, beneath (location)
    near, by
    used for

Noun[edit]

под (pod) m

  1. hearth, hearthstone
  2. floor

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

по̏д m (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. floor
    пасти на под — to fall to the floor
  2. ground
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *podъ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

по̏д (Latin spelling pȍd)

  1. (with accusative) under, beneath (with change of position, answering the question ку̀да)
    с(ј)ела је под стабло — she sat under the tree
    пао је под влак — he fell under the train
  2. (with instrumental) under, beneath (stationary, answering the question гдје̏/где̏)
    она с(ј)еди под стаблом — she is sitting under the tree
    под сунцем — under the sun
  3. (with instrumental) under, beneath (being in a particular condition)
    бити под сумњом — to be under suspicion
    бити под притиском — to be under pressure
    бити под дојмом — to be under impression
    под оружјем — under arms
    бити под надзором — to be under supervision/surveillance
    бити под нечијом заштитом — to be under someone's protection
    бити под нагласком — to be accented (stressed), to be under the accent (stress)
    писати под псеудонимом — to write under the pen name, pseudonymously
    бити под заклетвом — to be under oath
  4. (with accusative) near, toward, in (temporal, with nouns denoting a final temporal segment)
    под јесен — toward fall
    под крај — near the end
    под старост — in one's old age
  5. (with instrumental) during (temporal)
    под одмором — during the (school) break
    под паузом — during the (job) break
    под сатом — during the (school) lesson
    под владавином — during the reign of
  6. (with accusative) as, instead of, in lieu of
    покушати продати мркву под роткву — to try selling carrot as radish
  7. miscellaneous idiomatic meanings
    то је под морање — that is obligatory
    бацити под ноге — to reject, throw away
    небу под облаке — far away
    под ув(ј)етом/условом да — under the condition of, on the condition that
    под изговором — under the pretext
    под Загребом — near Zagreb
    под Велебитом — at the foot of Velebit, on the foothills of Velebit
    под коровом — covered/overgrown with weed
    ништа под (милим) богом — absolutely nothing
    под контролом (wитх генитиве) — under the control (of)
    под тим(е) мислим — by that I mean
    бити под антибиотицима — to be on antibiotics
    под правим кутом — perpendicular