сорок

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Russian[edit]

Russian cardinal numbers
39 40 41
    Cardinal : сорок (sorok)
    Ordinal : сороковой (sorokovoj)

Etymology 1[edit]

Usually regarded as borrowed from Greek τεσσαράκοντα (tessarákonta, 40), but this etymology is problematic because of phonetic and semantic reasons. From Old Russian сорокъ (sorokŭ, a bunch of 40 sable pelts). This word replaced the earlier четыре десѧте (lit., four tens). Most probably from Old East Slavic *съркъ from Turkic кърк (“40”) by dissimilation of k–k to s–k; hence related to Turkish kırk.

Pronunciation[edit]

Cardinal number[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. forty (40)
Usage note: сорок in the nominative case governs the genitive plural of the noun.
  • сорок книгforty books
  • книг сорок — approximately forty books
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

соро́к (sorók)

  1. genitive plural of соро́ка (soróka)

Ukrainian[edit]

Numeral[edit]

со́рок (sórok)

  1. (cardinal) forty (40)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]