брат

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Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm

  1. brother

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The word also has a vocative form - бра́це.

Derived terms[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm

  1. brother

Inflection[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm (plural браќа, diminutive братче)

  1. brother
    Брат ми се пресели во Лондон.
    My brother has moved to London.
  2. mate, pal, buddy (used in informal speech to address somebody)
    Кај си бе, брат?
    What's up, bro?

Declension[edit]

Usage Notes[edit]

  • When this word is used in the sense of "brother", the vocative form is mostly "брату". When it's used in the sense of "mate", "pal", or "buddy", the vocative form is mostly "брате". However, in the second sense, the vocative form is not necessarily used. Among youngsters, the basic form "брат" is dominant (and quite popular, at that).

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm anim (genitive бра́та, nominative plural бра́тья)

  1. brother
  2. old boy, pal

Declension[edit]

Note: the soft ending of the plural was originally used for feminine collective nouns, and the meaning of братья then was brotherhood.

Related terms[edit]


Rusyn[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm

  1. brother

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

бра̏т m (Latin spelling brȁt)

  1. brother
  2. mate, pal, buddy, when used in informal speech to address somebody in vocative (brate)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

There is no plural form for this noun. Instead, the collective term бра̏ћа is used for plural meanings.

Derived terms[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *bratrъ, *bratъ, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

брат (bratm anim (genitive брата́, nominative plural брати́)

  1. brother (biological sibling)
  2. brother (member of the Christian brotherhood)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • брат” in Ivan Bilodid (editor-in-chief) (1970–1980), Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Dictionary of the Ukrainian language], in 11 vols, Kiev: Naukova Dumka