scab

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

A scab (incrustation over a healing wound)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English sceabb, Old Norse skabb, Latin scabies (scab, itch, mange.) Cognate with Old English scafan, Latin scabere (to scratch).

Noun[edit]

scab (plural scabs)

  1. An incrustation over a sore, wound, vesicle, or pustule, formed during healing.
  2. (colloquial or obsolete) The scabies.
  3. The mange, especially when it appears on sheep.
    • 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 306,
      Scab was the terror of the sheep farmer, and the peril of his calling.
  4. Any of several different diseases of potatoes producing pits and other damage on their surface, caused by streptomyces bacteria (but formerly believed to be caused by a fungus).
  5. Common scab, a relatively harmless variety of scab (potato disease) caused by Streptomyces scabies.
  6. (botany) Any one of various more or less destructive fungal diseases that attack cultivated plants, forming dark-colored crustlike spots.
  7. (founding) A slight irregular protuberance which defaces the surface of a casting, caused by the breaking away of a part of the mold.
  8. A mean, dirty, paltry fellow.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  9. (slang) A worker who acts against trade union policies, especially a strikebreaker.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

scab (third-person singular simple present scabs, present participle scabbing, simple past and past participle scabbed)

  1. (intransitive) To become covered by a scab or scabs.
  2. (intransitive) To form into scabs and be shed, as damaged or diseased skin.
    • 1734, Royal Society of London, The Philosophical Transactions (1719 - 1733) Abridged, Volume 7, page 631,
      Thoſe Puſtules aroſe, maturated, and ſcabbed off, intirely like the true Pox.
    • 2009, Linda Wisdom, Wicked By Any Other Name, page 233,
      Trev walked over and leaned down, dropping a tender kiss on her forehead where the skin was raw and scabbing from the cut.
    • 2009, Nancy Lord, Rock, Water, Wild: An Alaskan Life, page 121,
      The bark that wasn′t already scabbed off was peppered with beetle holes.
  3. (transitive) To remove part of a surface (from).
    • 1891, Canadian Senate, Select Committee on Railways, Telegraphs and Harbours: Proceedings and Evidence, page 265,
      The beds shall be scabbed off to give a solid bearing, no pinning shall be admitted between the backing and the face stones and there shall be a good square joint not exceeding one inch in width, and the face stone shall be scabbed off to allow this.
  4. (intransitive) To act as a strikebreaker.
  5. (transitive, UK, Australia, New Zealand, informal) To beg (for), to cadge or bum.
    I scabbed some money off a friend.
    • 2004, Niven Govinden, We are the New Romantics, Bloomsbury Publishing, UK, page 143,
      Finding a spot in a covered seating area that was more bus shelter than tourist-friendly, I unravelled a mother of a joint I′d scabbed off the garçon.
    • 2006, Linda Jaivin, The Infernal Optimist, 2010, HarperCollins Australia, unnumbered page,
      I′d already used up me mobile credit. I was using a normal phone card, what I got from Hamid, what got it from a church lady what helped the refugees. I didn′t like scabbing from the asylums, but they did get a lotta phone cards.
    • 2010, Fiona Wood, Six Impossible Things, page 113,
      I′ve told Fred we can see a movie this weekend, but that just seems like a money-wasting activity. And I can′t keep scabbing off my best friend.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]