fungus

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Latin fungus (mushroom). Compare Ancient Greek σπόγγος (spóngos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fungus (plural fungi or funguses)

  1. Any member of the kingdom Fungi; a eukaryotic organism typically having chitin cell walls but no chlorophyll or plastids. Fungi may be unicellular or multicellular.
    • 2013 July 20, “Welcome to the plastisphere”, The Economist, volume 408, number 8845: 
      Plastics are energy-rich substances, which is why many of them burn so readily. Any organism that could unlock and use that energy would do well in the Anthropocene. Terrestrial bacteria and fungi which can manage this trick are already familiar to experts in the field.

Usage notes[edit]

The plural form fungi comes directly from the Latin. See that entry for information about the several English pronunciations in use.

Synonyms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

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Translations[edit]


Latin[edit]

fungus (a mushroom)

Etymology[edit]

Originally sfungus. Compare Ancient Greek σπόγγος (spóngos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fungus m (genitive fungī); second declension

  1. a mushroom
  2. a fungal growth or infection
  3. a candle-snuff
  4. (figuratively) dolt, idiot

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative fungus fungī
genitive fungī fungōrum
dative fungō fungīs
accusative fungum fungōs
ablative fungō fungīs
vocative funge fungī

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Descendants[edit]