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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
台-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (mouth), to say (the mouth speaking - a polite form of address)

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈口 (IR), four-corner 23600, composition)

  1. platform
  2. unit
  3. term of address

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3246
  • Dae Jaweon: page 384, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 575, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53F0

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 台/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (台), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 以 (36)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 與之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/jɨ/ /i/ /iə/ /jɨ/ /jɨ/ /jĭə/ /ie/
Character (台), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 透 (6)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 土來切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰʌi/ /tʰɑ̆i/ /tʰᴀi/ /tʰəi/ /tʰəj/ /tʰɒi/ /tʰɒi/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ yi › /*ləә/ I, me

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12260 0 /*l̥ʰɯː/ 本從以聲
12266 0 /*l'ɯː/ 手冊作臺今字
12267 0 /*l'ɯː/ 臺背通作鮐
12298 0 /*lɯ/ 後作怡本從以聲

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. pedestal
  2. a stand
  3. counter for machines and vehicles

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 仙台 (せんだい, sendai)
  • 台所 (だいどころ, daidokoro)

Counter[edit]

(hiragana だい, romaji -dai)

  1. machines, especially vehicles or computers

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana だい, romaji -dai)

  1. tables, beds
  2. level, especially of price
  3. period of time in a person's life

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tae, i, dae) (hangeul , , , revised tae, i, dae, McCune-Reischauer t'ae, i, dae)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(di, đài, thai)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999