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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
主-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
主-jbw.png
Stroke order
主-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

主 主 主
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : A picture of a lamp or a torch with a flame at the top.

Original form of . Current meaning acquired by sound loan.

References[edit]

  • "主 etymology" (in Mandarin/English), YellowBridge. URL accessed on 2014-02-18.

Han character[edit]

(radical 3 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜土 (YG), four-corner 00104, composition)

  1. master, chief owner
  2. host
  3. lord

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 163, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E3B

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Yale jyu2)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. chief, main, principal, foremost

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. head of the family
  2. master, mistress
  3. one's husband
  4. proprietor, landlord

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬし, romaji nushi)

  1. master
  2. owner, proprietor
  3. guardian spirit

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ju, McCune-Reischauer: chu)
  • Name (hangeul): [[임금, 주인]] (revised: imgeum, juin, McCune-Reischauer: imgǔm, chuin)

References[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin (li2), zhǔ (zhu3), Wade-Giles li2, chu3)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. host
  2. owner, master
  3. god, lord

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. main, primary
    主要

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin zhǔ)

  1. to indicate, to signify

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-02-19.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*jiǒ)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chúa, chủ, chuá)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]