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See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
主-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
主-jbw.png
Stroke order
主-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 3 +4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 卜土 (YG), four-corner 00104, composition)

  1. master, chief owner
  2. host
  3. lord

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 80, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 100
  • Dae Jaweon: page 163, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 44, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E3B

Chinese[edit]

 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

主 主 主
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) : A picture of a lamp or a torch with a flame at the top.

Original form of . Current meaning acquired by sound loan.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. owner, master
  2. host
  3. god, lord
  4. emperor
  5. main, primary
    主要
  6. to be in charge of
  7. to indicate, to signify

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. chief, main, principal, foremost

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゅ, romaji shu)

  1. head of the family
  2. master, mistress
  3. one's husband
  4. proprietor, landlord

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ぬし, romaji nushi)

  1. master
  2. owner, proprietor
  3. guardian spirit

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ju)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ju, McCune-Reischauer: chu)
  • Name (hangeul): 임금, 주인 (revised: imgeum, juin, McCune-Reischauer: imgǔm, chuin)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chúa, chủ, chuá)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]