主人

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (主人, reconstructed)
Character (主), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 章 (23)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 之庾切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /t͡ɕi̯uX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /t͡ɕioX/ /cuə̆X/ /t͡ɕĭuX/ /t͡ɕioX/
Character (人), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 眞
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 如鄰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵin/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑjen/
Old Chinese pronunciation (主人, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhǔ ‹ tsyuX › /*toʔ/ master; host
rén ‹ nyin › /*niŋ/ (other) person
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17618 0 /*tjoʔ/
10800 1 /*njin/

Noun[edit]

主人

  1. master, owner
  2. host or hostess

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (主人):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ɕʲɯᵝd͡ʑĩɴ]

Noun[edit]

主人 (hiragana しゅじん, romaji shujin)

  1. (humble) (one's own) husband (use ご主人 to refer to somebody else's husband)
  2. someone's master
  3. owner
  4. host or hostess

Synonyms[edit]

  • (husband): (おっと, otto, "husband")

Antonyms[edit]

  • (husband): (つま, tsuma, "wife"), 奥さん (おくさん, okusan, "another’s wife"), 家内 (かない, kanai, "one’s own wife")

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

主人 (ju-in) (hangeul 주인)

  1. Hanja form? of 주인, “master or owner; proprietor”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

主人

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nhân, "master or owner; proprietor"